Ravel, Maurice

(1875-1937)
   composer
   one of the most influential 20th-century composers, Maurice Ravel was born in Ciboure, where his parents encouraged his musical career. He entered the Paris Conservatory in 1889 and had influential teachers, the most important being Gabriel fauré. Ravel won only second place in the Prix de Rome, but many friends, including igor Stravinsky and Sergey Diaghilev, saw in him a talent equal to that of his contemporary claude debussy. At this point, Ravel had already composed his Habanera for two pianos (1895), the overture for Schéhérazade (1898), the Pavane pour une infante défunte (1898), Jeu d'eau (1901), and other important pieces. other works include Gaspard de la Nuit (1908), Rhapsodie espagnole (1908), and the celebrated orchestral piece Boléro (1928). He also composed impressionistic ballets (Ma Mère l'Oye, 1910; Daphnis et Chloé, 1912) commissioned by Diaghilev. Besides these, Ravel wrote compositions in all areas except religious music. For voice there are three Poèmes de Mallarmé (1913), the Mélodies hébraïques (1914), Chansons madécasses (1925-26), Rêves (1927), and Don Quichotte à Dulcinée (1932). For piano, Menuet sur le nom de Haydn (1909); for chamber music, Introduction et Allegro (1906), Trio en la mineur (1914), Sonate (1920), Berceuse sur le nom de Fauré (1922); and many other pieces including numerous orchestrations. in 1931, Ravel composed Concerto pour la main gauche, his last work, for the Viennese pianist Paul Wittgenstein. Ravel's vivid, transparent orchestral colors rank him as one of the modern masters of orchestration, and his art has found a permanent place in the annals of modern music, with critics noting that he has "reached the limits of the impossible."

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ravel, Maurice — ▪ French composer Introduction born March 7, 1875, Ciboure, Fr. died Dec. 28, 1937, Paris       French composer of Swiss Basque descent, noted for his musical craftsmanship and perfection of form and style in such works as Boléro (1928), Pavane… …   Universalium

  • Ravel, Maurice — ► (1875 1937) Compositor francés. Verdadero clásico del impresionismo, artista riguroso y de extraordinaria fantasía. Autor de: Pavana para una infanta difunta, Juegos de agua, Rapsodia española, Bolero, etc. Las únicas obras sinfónicas de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ravel — Ravel, Maurice …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ravel — Maurice Ravel « Ravel » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Ravel (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Ravel — Joseph Maurice Ravel (* 7. März 1875 in Ciboure, Département Pyrénées Atlantiques; † 28. Dezember 1937 in Paris) war ein französischer Komponist und neben Claude Debussy Hauptvertreter des Impressionismus in der Musik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ravel — (izg. ravȅl), Maurice (1875 1937) DEFINICIJA francuski skladatelj, napušta neoromantičarske tendencije, protivnik Wagnera; nadovezuje se na tradiciju francuske glazbe 17. i 18. st. (Rameau) s elementima suvremenih glazbenih tehnika i harmonije,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ravel — (Maurice) (1875 1937) compositeur français; élève de Fauré. Par sa rythmique et la richesse de son orchestration, il se distingue de Debussy et conserve un caractère classique: Pavane pour une infante défunte (pièce pour piano, 1899), Quatuor en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maurice Ravel — « Ravel » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Ravel (homonymie). Maurice Ravel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Ravel — This article is about the late 19th , early 20th century composer. For other uses, see Ravel (disambiguation). Maurice Ravel Maurice Ravel in 1912 Born Joseph Maurice Ravel March 7, 1875 …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice Ravel — Joseph Maurice Ravel …   Wikipedia Español

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